A Highly Interactive Program

Fundamentals of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

Understand LNG Value Chain, Technical Operations and Commercial Factors.

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Venue Starting Date Duration Fees Join Now
London - UK , 20240729 29 - Jul - 2024 5 - Day $5,950 Register
Online - Virtual , 20240909 09 - Sep - 2024 2 Hrs X 8 Sessions $2,100 Register
Dubai - UAE , 20241125 25 - Nov - 2024 5 - Day $4,950 Register


The contribution of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) to the energy mix has dramatically increased in recent years. In comparison to other fossil fuels, LNG is the most environmentally friendly. It offers a great substitute to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change. LNG is becoming a more affordable and cleaner fuel in many industrial, transportation, and marine sectors. The global LNG market is anticipated to grow exponentially due to rising energy consumption, global growth, and increasing taste for LNG in emerging economies.

This Fundamental of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) covers the fundamentals of LNG value chain, technical operations and commercial factors. You will understand the role of LNG, the terminologies used and the economy of scale. The course covers LNG plant operations, technical processes, custody transfer measurement & storage. LNG shipping & regasification process are discussed in detail. You will understand the important aspects of LNG projects. It also covers the framework of LNG Purchase Agreements.


By the end of the Fundamental of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) training seminar, participants will learn to:

  • Understand the role of LNG, terminologies, the economy of scale and the value chain.
  • Enhance your knowledge of LNG plant operations
  • Understand the gas purification process
  • Have a good background LNG measurement system procedures and test methods
  • Learn about the types of LNG ships, Cool down process & Dry dock procedures
  • Acquire an in-depth understanding Regasification process
  • Get an overview of LNG Projects
  • Understand LNG Sales & Purchase Agreement


This Fundamental of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) training course is suitable to a wide range of professionals but will greatly benefit:

  • Process Engineers, along with the Petroleum and Production engineers
  • Field Operators and Technicians
  • Facilities and process engineers
  • Geologists and reservoir engineers
  • Other Company Staff Involved in LNG Gas Treatment and Processing
  • Managers and government officials, and others involved with supervising gas processing operations
  • Managers involved in the planning and development of LNG facilities


This training seminar will utilise a variety of proven adult learning techniques to ensure maximum understanding, comprehension and retention of the information presented. It will be delivered using a combination of interactive presentations, case studies, participant activities, and exercises to maximize the learning experience’s impact. Delegates will have ample time to consider the ideas and apply the skills discussed.

Pre & Post course assessments will be used to measure the effectiveness of this training and measure the skill and ability of participants.


Module 1 - Introduction to Natural Gas and LNG

  • KeyTopics:

    • Increasing roles of LNG in the energy mix
    • Natural gas and LNG: Their composition, properties and characteristics
    • Terminology: NGL, LNG, LPG, CNG, Rich Gas, Sour Gas, etc.
    • Economics of scale: LNG vs pipeline
    • LNG Value Chain

Module 2 - LNG Plant & Operations

  • KeyTopics:

    • History and invention of gas liquefaction and refrigeration
    • Gas treatment/ purification
      • H2S pre-removal
      • Condensate separations (flash drums)
      • Removal of water particles
      • Removal of CO2
      • Removal of Hg (mercury)
      • Separations of heavy hydrocarbon (fractionation)
    • Gas liquefaction (exchanger)
    • LNG storage: Its structure and operations
      • Tank containment system
      • Storage tank dynamics and BOG
      • BOG treatment
      • LNG “maturity”

Module 3 - LNG Measurement

  • KeyTopics:

    • A Brief Overview of Custody Transfer Measurement
    • Cargo witnessing (FOB, DES)
    • Custody Transfer Measurement System (CTMS)
    • Custody Transfer Measurement System (CTMS) calibration
    • Correlation Tests (Why, when)

Module 4 - LNG Shipping

  • KeyTopics:

    • Types of LNG ships (Moss spherical, membranes, prismatic, pressured, etc.)
    • LNG fleet evolution
    • Involvement of Costs
    • Cool down process
    • Dry dock procedures
    • Processing objectives
    • Ship compatibility, shore interface & meeting

Module 5 - Regasification

  • KeyTopics:

    • Regasification facilities and process
      • Main components and process/operations description
      • Gas inter-changeability issues
      • Quality adjustment (N2 injection, C3, C4 spiking)
      • Buyer issues
      • Safety, environmental and permitting issues and public pressures
      • Seasonality issues, domestic and commercial users

Module 6 - LNG Projects

  • KeyTopics:

    • Structure of an LNG Project
    • Capital costs and economies of scale
    • Evolution of train sizes
    • Lead and construction times
    • Financing LNG projects

Module 7 - LNG SPA (Sales & Purchase Agreement)

  • KeyTopics:

    • Contract anatomy
    • Key terms and structures
    • Contract Price: How they are developed and managed, and how price reviews work.
    • Other important clauses

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